COVID-19 Vaccination: State-by-State Guide
The U.S. rollout of the Covid-19 vaccine, managed individually by states instead of by the federal government, has been largely uneven and confusing to many seeking the vaccines.
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention has issued recommendations for who should get the vaccines first, but states established their own criteria. Most prioritized healthcare workers and long-term-care residents first; now, many have moved on to those over 65 or 75 years of age and people with health conditions that put them at high risk.
While states have set the priorities for inoculations, many have pushed the responsibility for administering them onto individual hospitals, clinics and local public-health agencies.
Each state has divided their populations into groups or phases or tiers, and each is working through them at its own pace. Most states’ websites acknowledge the limited vaccine supply, and that many of the hotlines are likely to be experiencing difficulties. Residents are encouraged to keep trying and to check the websites regularly for updates. Some states give residents hotline numbers for direct help with vaccines and appointment scheduling; some offer the option to preregister for the vaccine even if they aren’t eligible yet, and will notify those people when it is their turn to schedule an appointment.
The states also request residents don’t go to a clinic or provider without an appointment.
The information below is the current phase that each state and Washington, D.C., are in as of Feb. 23, and will be updated once a week.
The state currently vaccinates healthcare workers, long-term-care residents, law-enforcement officers and firefighters. On Feb. 8, people age 65 and older, as well as certain critical workers including teachers, public-transit employees and manufacturing workers, became eligible. A website, alcovidvaccine.gov, allows people to confirm vaccine eligibility and schedule an appointment. The hotline doesn’t make appointments but can refer callers to appropriate sites to do so.
The state currently vaccinates healthcare workers, long-term-care residents and staff, and residents age 65 and over. The state has an online appointment system, an eligibility quiz that provides a general timeline and a sortable table for many of the state’s vaccine providers.
Arizona currently allocates its vaccine distribution through local and tribal health jurisdictions, and counties are using a prioritization phased approach. The site has a map that shows which phase each county is vaccinating. The state has an online appointment system for eligible residents, but there is no preregistration for the vaccine.
The state has started its Phase 1B group, which includes Arkansans who are 70 and older and those who work in education eligible to get the Covid-19 vaccination. Additional groups under 1B will be announced as the supply increases. The 1A group includes healthcare workers, residents and staff of long-term-care facilities and police, firefighters and EMS who work as first responders. The site offers a map of pharmacy locations; there is no preregistration for the vaccine.
The state has broken down its initial rollout into three main groups and currently is working its way through the first two. The 1A includes healthcare workers and long-term-care residents, accounting for roughly three million people. The 1B group includes individuals age 65 and older, and those who work in education and child care, emergency services and food and agriculture.
Starting March 15, healthcare providers may vaccinate individuals aged 16-64 who are deemed to be at the very highest risk for morbidity and mortality from Covid-19 as a direct result of certain severe health conditions or certain high-risk disabilities.
Gov. Gavin Newsom said the state will move to an age-based eligibility system once the state’s more vulnerable population is vaccinated.
Most eligible residents can receive a vaccine at community sites, doctor’s offices, clinics and pharmacies. The state allows residents to preregister to be notified when it is their turn. California expects to have enough supplies to vaccinate most Californians in all 58 counties by summer 2021, according to the website.
Colorado currently vaccinates residents age 65 and older, healthcare workers, first-responders, teachers and certain state officials. The state expects to begin vaccinating essential workers in these areas later in the winter: food and agriculture, manufacturing, postal service, public transit, grocery, human services, journalism and care for the homeless.
The majority of residents will receive the vaccine through their employer, local public health agency or the long-term-care program. Current vaccine providers for eligible residents to contact are listed. The state expects Phase 2 recipients to be eligible in the spring and Phase 3 recipients to be eligible in the summer. There is no preregistration option.
Connecticut currently vaccinates healthcare professionals, long-term-care residents and medical first responders. Residents age 65 and older also qualify. The state has an eligibility quiz, a way for employers to enroll staff and an online “Vaccine Administration Management System” for eligible residents, or they can contact certain healthcare providers for direct scheduling.
For future eligibility expansions, the state is mainly using an age-based system. People between the ages of 55 and 64 will be eligible for a vaccine beginning March 1. On March 22, it will open up to people between the ages of 45 to 54. Educators and child care professionals will be eligible to be vaccinated in March at designated clinics. On April 12, it will expand to ages 35 to 44. And on May 3, everyone between the ages of 16 and 34 will be eligible for the vaccine.
Delaware lays out a timeline for its four phases, which runs through June, and currently is in Phase 1B. Those eligible for the vaccine include: healthcare personnel, emergency medical services, and long-term-care staff and residents, all individuals 65 and over, and front-line essential workers including: fire, police, correctional officers, teachers and education staff (including child care providers), postal, food manufacturing, agriculture, transportation and grocery store workers.
Frontline essential workers should get information from their employers; residents 65 and older can make a request for an appointment; there is no preregistration option listed.
Florida currently vaccinates long-term-care facility residents and staff, persons 65 years of age and older, healthcare personnel with direct patient contact, and residents deemed to be extremely vulnerable to Covid-19. The state offers a list of county health departments and hospital providers, sortable by county and city. A website, myvaccine.fl.gov, allows eligible Florida residents to preregister for vaccines and secure spots in line.
Georgia currently vaccinates residents in group 1A+, which includes healthcare workers, first responders, long-term-care facility residents and those over the age of 65. There’s a sortable table of vaccination sitesfor residents to book appointments directly, as they become available. The state advises residents to check its website often, as participating site locations will be updated frequently. Additional locations will be added when providers are ready to administer the shots, and as supply allows. There’s no preregistration available.
Hawaii distributes its vaccines to hubs throughout the state. Those currently eligible are: front-line essential workers including medical personnel, who are receiving vaccines through their employer or industry, and adults 75 years and older, who can register through this website. Organizations with front-line essential workers in Phase 1B may complete a survey to identify their eligible workers and coordinate vaccinations. Those in 1B include first responders, corrections officers, emergency services dispatchers, critical transportation infrastructure workers—such as harbor and dock workers, public transportation—critical utilities—such as energy, water—teachers and child-care and educational support staff, those essential for federal, state, local government operations, and postal service workers.
Hawaii also provides island county websites, which have updated information. The state expects that all adults will be able to get vaccinated in the first half of 2021 or soon thereafter. There isn’t preregistration available.
Hotline: There are different hotlines depending on what part of the state you live in.
Idaho currently vaccinates Group 1, which includes healthcare personnel, home-care providers, emergency medical services, long-term-care facility residents and staff, public health and emergency management response workers, and Group 2, which includes front-line essential workers such as first responders, law enforcement officers, teachers and child-care staff and correctional and detention facility staff, and adults age 65 and older. The state recommends eligible residents contact their employer or local public health district to schedule an appointment.
As more residents become eligible, the state expects people to get them through normal vaccination locations such as your employer, physician’s office, local public health district, or local pharmacy. The state expects to move to Group 3 at the end of March/early April, and Group 4 in May. There is no preregistration option.
Illinois currently vaccinates people age 65 and older, healthcare workers, long-term-care staff and residents, inmates and front-line essential workers including corrections officers, food and agriculture workers, postal-service employees, manufacturing workers, grocery-store workers, public-transit workers, education workers, and adult-day-care or homeless-shelter workers.
The state is opening vaccination sites and hundreds of additional pharmacies will eventually provide the shots. Additionally, the Illinois National Guard is deploying teams to sites in Cook County and St. Clair County. The state recently launched an appointment sign-up option, which—when appointments are available—residents can access a link taking them to their local healthcare provider to coordinate when and where to receive the vaccine.
Hotline: 211 within the state
Any Indiana resident age 65 and older is eligible for the vaccine, as are long-term-care residents, first responders (fire, law enforcement, emergency medical services, reservists and volunteers) and healthcare workers who have in-person contact with patients or infectious material in any healthcare setting. There is a list of vaccine sites broken down by county and you can click on your county and provider to schedule an appointment. The state doesn’t allow preregistration.
Hotline: 211 within the state
Iowa is currently vaccinating Phases 1A, which includes healthcare providers and long-term-care residents, and 1B with tier 1 including first responders and education and child-care workers. There are four other tiers outlined on the website, but no information about appointments or preregistration.
Kansas vaccinates eligible residents in Phase 1 (healthcare workers, residents/patients in long-term care or senior housing, and workers critical to the pandemic response) and Phase 2 (persons age 65 and older, high-contact critical workers). The state expects to vaccinate the majority of its population starting in late April to mid-May. There is no information about preregistration or how to make an appointment.
Kentucky currently vaccinates residents in Phase 1A, anyone in long-term-care facilities, assisted living facilities and healthcare personnel, and 1B, anyone age 70 or older, first responders and K-12 personnel. Depending on vaccine quantities, doses may be scheduled for people in Phase 1C, those age 60 or older, anyone age 16 or older with highest-risk conditions, and all essential workers. A website, vaccine.ky.gov, and hotline allow people to determine vaccine eligibility and help them find a site in their region.
The state currently vaccinates those age 65 and older, outpatient clinic providers, urgent care providers, community care providers, behavioral health providers, law enforcement and first responders, dialysis providers and patients, home-health service providers and recipients, dental providers, some elections staff, Unified Command Group members, state Covid emergency response personnel, and students, residents and staff of allied health schools. Eligible patients must contact a vaccine location to make an appointment. Those not eligible can’t preregister or make appointments.
Maine currently is in Phase 1A, which includes healthcare personnel, residents and staff of long-term-care facilities, public safety personnel, and Covid-19 response personnel. It expects to begin Phase 1B in February, which will include older residents, all adults with high-risk medical conditions and some front-line essential workers. Other phases are expected to start in May and June. Those in 1A should contact their employers or professional associations, while residents age 70 and over can contact specific locations for an appointment. There’s no preregistration but the website recommends residents check it in the future for updates about availability.
Hotline: For updates on appointments for mass vaccination sites, text ‘MdReady’ to 898-211.
Maryland vaccinates residents in Phase 1C, which includes adults 65 and older, essential workers in industries such as lab services, agriculture, manufacturing and postal service. Groups previously eligible in early phases, such as healthcare workers, first responders and certain educators, remain eligible. The state offers a clinic-finder, sortable by address, ZIP Code or location to schedule appointments. Some providers and county health departments are preregistering individuals. Mass vaccination sites recently opened in Maryland.
In Massachusetts, individuals currently eligible for vaccination can visit mass.gov/CovidVaccineMap to view locations, including mass vaccination sites, sign-up and eligibility information. Sites will continue to be added with appointments released on a rolling basis. Current eligible residents include first responders including EMTs, police and fire, as well as residents and staff of long-term-care facilities and staff and residents of congregate-care settings, such as shelters and prisons. There are also specific websites for certain groups, such as first responders, long-term-care facilities and congregate-care providers. The state doesn’t have a central sign-up or scheduling system for the vaccine, according to the website.
Hotline: Each county has a listed phone number on the website.
Current eligible residents include healthcare workers and long-term care residents and staff as well as residents age 65 and older, front-line essential workers, child-care and pre-K through high-school staff and congregate care facilities. The state added mortuary service workers to the list of eligible residents, and starting in March, workers in food processing and agricultural settings, will be eligible for the vaccine.
Michigan’s local health departments are scheduling vaccines, and more are coming online with this capability; those that are up and running have phone numbers listed on the state’s Covid-19 website.
Minnesota recently launched a vaccine pilot program and opened community vaccination sites, with a link to make an appointment. The sites initially will serve adults age 65 and older, as well as educators (prekindergarten through grade 12), school staff and child-care workers. The state recommends that educators and child-care workers shouldn’t attempt to make an appointment unless they have been notified by employers that they have been selected to receive a vaccine.
As with other states, healthcare workers and residents of long-term-care facilities were among the first to be eligible; there is no information about preregistering for other groups.
Adults age 65 and older, any adult with a chronic health condition, long-term-care facility residents and staff, healthcare personnel and EMT/paramedics are currently eligible in Mississippi. The state says many health facilities will arrange vaccinations for their staff on-site, and other eligible Mississippians can be vaccinated at one of its drive-through vaccination sites.
There is no preregistration for others listed.
Hotline: (877) 435-8411
Missouri currently vaccinates residents over 65 years old and adults with specific underlying conditions and/or intellectual or developmental disabilities in addition to long-term-care residents and staff, healthcare workers, EMS/EMT and paramedics, first responders and emergency workers, and high-risk individuals or those with underlying health conditions. Eligible residents should contact a vaccinator on the website’s map to coordinate an appointment. The state is offering preregistration for residents. Once the form is filled out, residents are provided with information about how to get an appointment if they qualify or how to schedule an appointment at a later date.
Montana has been vaccinating healthcare workers and residents of long-term-care facilities, as well as healthcare workers with direct patient contact, such as dentists, orthodontists, physical therapists, optometrists, home health workers and others that fit the criteria. It recently expanded to include those age 70 years and older, persons age 16-69 with high-risk medical conditions and American Indians and other people of color who may be at elevated risk for Covid-19 complications.
Vaccination sites vary by county or jurisdiction; providers include local health departments, hospitals, community health centers, IHS and tribal health, and pharmacies. As the vaccine becomes more widely available, information will be posted at dphhs.mt.gov.
The state expects the vaccine will be broadly available to Montanans during the summer, but there is no preregistration available.
Nebraska currently vaccinates front-line healthcare workers and residents and staff of long-term-care facilities. Local health departments are coordinating vaccine efforts for priority groups. The state’s website says the next phase is projected to start in February for most areas and will include residents 65 and older, those who are at high-risk, as well as workers in critical industries who are unable to work remotely.
Local health departments are offering electronic sign-up to be notified when vaccination begins in their area. Those newly eligible should visit their local health department website to register.
Nebraska plans to launch a website to help residents register for the vaccination and receive updates, scheduling information and follow-up reminders; this is how residents will be notified when clinics begin in their area. There is no preregistration available now.
Nevada currently vaccinates healthcare workers, first responders, residents of long-term-care facilities and other essential workers in healthcare settings. The Nevada State Immunization Program and the Board of Pharmacy have coordinated with retail pharmacies in Nevada to receive vaccine allocation to begin vaccinating those who are 70 and older.
Each county has its own distribution plan. Eligible residents should contact their county officials for more information, and there is an interest form that allows residents to be alerted when they are eligible. The website has a county-by-county breakdown of information, detailing who’s eligible. Some also have a scheduling link and a phone number.
New Hampshire currently vaccinates at-risk health workers, residents of long-term-care facilities, and first responders, and started vaccinating persons age 65 and older, the medically vulnerable, intellectual and developmental disability residential facilities, and correctional facility staff.
As the state expands to other groups, eligible residents will be able to get vaccines from provider offices, urgent care, pharmacies and other local healthcare facilities that have the capacity. The state has a registration website for eligible residents and they will receive an email when appointments are available. Other residents aren’t able to preregister at this time.
New Jersey currently vaccinates healthcare personnel, long-term-care residents and staff, first responders, individuals 65 and older and those deemed at high risk. Certain healthcare facilities are directly vaccinating workers, while other eligible residents can make an appointment through one of the designated vaccine sites.
The state has a registration portal, and residents receive a confirmation email telling them what group they are in, but doesn’t offer a timeline or the ability to make appointments. The state aims to vaccinate 70% of its adult population within six months.
New Mexico currently vaccinates hospital personnel, residents and staff of long-term-care facilities, medical first responders, congregate-settings workers, persons providing direct medical care, home-based healthcare and hospice workers, people age 75 and older, and anyone over the age of 16 at risk of Covid-19 complications.
Residents can register to be notified when they are eligible for the vaccine.
Currently eligible New Yorkers include: most healthcare workers, first responders and support staff, individuals age 65 and older, police and investigators, public safety communications, certain sworn and civilian personnel, corrections workers, in-person college instructors, schoolteachers and workers, child-care providers, grocery store workers, public transit workers, individuals living or working in a homeless shelter. Starting Feb. 15, residents with certain comorbidities and underlying conditions, including cancer, liver disease and heart conditions, are eligible to get the vaccine.
The state also allows restaurant workers, taxi and Uber drivers and facilities for the developmentally disabled to receive the vaccine, but gives discretion to local governments to make the final call on whether to open up vaccine eligibility to these groups.
Eligible residents can contact pharmacies, hospitals and through local health departments. There also are state-run distribution sites, and residents can use this website to determine eligibility and to schedule an appointment.
The state currently vaccinates healthcare workers, long-term-care staff and residents as well as people age 65 and older. The state lists vaccine providers, mostly local health departments and hospitals that residents can contact to get more information. There’s no preregistration option listed.
North Dakota currently vaccinates healthcare workers, first responders and long-term-care residents and staff, those age 75 and older, residents with underlying health conditions, other congregate settings, child-care workers and employees of preschools and kindergarten through 12th grade.
The state has a vaccine locator, listing provider names by location and instructions on how to contact them. The appointment process is different for every provider.
Ohio currently vaccinates healthcare workers and personnel involved in Covid-19 care, residents and staff in nursing homes or assisted-living facilities, patients and staff in psychiatric hospitals, those with developmental disabilities, mental health disorders who live in group homes, residential facilities or work there, residents and staff at the two state-run homes for state veterans, EMS responders, and residents over the age of 65.
The state lists weekly dates for other eligible groups through Feb. 15.
Residents can get the vaccine through certain hospitals and health department pharmacies. There isn’t a way to preregister but the state offers a vaccine provider locator by county and ZIP Code.
The state currently vaccinates healthcare workers, first responders and Oklahomans age 65 and over, as well as long-term-care residents and staff. There are specific forms for healthcare workers and dental personnel. There is a vaccine scheduling tool for eligible residents, and others can expect an email when they are eligible. The website also offers a list of vaccine centers.
Oregon currently vaccinates healthcare workers, long-term-care residents and employees, and educators. A federal judge ordered state officials to offer the vaccine to prison inmates. As of Feb. 15, residents aged 75 and older are eligible, with the age range expanding every week through March 1. There is a county-by-county breakdown with relevant information such as website links and phone numbers. There is a Get Vaccinated Oregon eligibility tool, which allows residents to sign up for notifications and help with finding a provider.
Pennsylvania currently vaccinates healthcare workers, those living in long-term-care facilities, persons age 65 and older, and any adult with high-risk conditions. The state has an eligibility quiz and a map to find a location to contact directly to schedule the appointment at locations such as hospitals, urgent care centers, doctor’s offices and pharmacies. There’s no preregistration option. The state’s distribution plan doesn’t include Philadelphia, which has its own plan. Philadelphia has an online vaccine interest formthat people can fill out to receive information about where and when to get vaccinated
Rhode Island currently vaccinates healthcare workers, public-safety workers, first responders, those living in congregate settings and long-term-care facilities, adults age 65 and older and people experiencing homelessness. People age 65 and older can be vaccinated at one of two state-run vaccination sites or select retail pharmacies.
South Carolina currently vaccinates eligible residents including most healthcare workers, first-responders, mission-critical workers, residents and staff of long-term-care facilities and those 65 years old and up. However, eligible residents must call the provider to schedule one. There is no preregistration option.
The state expects to start Phase 1B, which includes front-line essential workers, in the spring.
South Dakota currently vaccinates eligible residents including front-line healthcare workers, long-term-care facility residents and workers, public health workers, EMS, law enforcement, correctional officers, persons age 75 and older, high-risk patients, and high-risk residents in congregate settings, licensed independent living facilities and licensed group homes.
The state lists providers by county and their websites, which have eligibility questionnaires and the option to be added to the provider’s wait list.
Tennessee’s vaccine plan varies by county and most involve the 1A group and those 75 years and older. Some counties have started on the 1B group. Phase 1A includes inpatient healthcare providers, first responders with direct exposure to the public, and staff and residents of long-term-care facilities, correctional officers and jailers and those primarily working in outpatient healthcare settings. Phase 1B includes teachers and staff of child-care centers and K-12 schools and other first responders. The state now says age-based criteria run concurrently to the phases in age brackets, and plans to begin vaccinating residents age 70 and older the week of Feb. 1.
The state offers county-by-county information and an eligibility tool that allows residents to receive notifications about vaccine updates and new phases.
Hotline: Contact numbers are listed by provider or hub.
The state currently vaccinates front-line healthcare workers and residents of long-term-care facilities, people over the age of 65 and those with chronic conditions. There are large vaccination hubs around the state and eligible residents can check for appointments on a hub’s website; the state notes that each hub has a different process. There also is a vaccine provider map that lists providers, and eligible residents need to contact them directly.
There’s no preregistration option.
Hotline: Contact numbers are listed by providers.
Utah currently vaccinates healthcare workers, long-term-care facility staff and residents, first responders, residents aged 70 and older, and K-12 teachers and school staff. Eligible residents should contact their local health department or school district to schedule an appointment. The state offers an option to sign up for email updates but there is no preregistration option available.
Vermont currently vaccinates healthcare personnel, residents of long-term-care facilities and people 75 and older. Vaccines are available at regional clinics, partner hospitals, providers and pharmacies. The state doesn’t have a preregistration option but allows eligible residents to make an online appointment.
Virginia currently vaccinates groups 1A and 1B: healthcare personnel, residents of long-term-care facilities, front-line essential workers, people age 65 and older, people ages 16 to 64 with underlying medical conditions, and those living in correctional facilities, homeless shelters and migrant labor camps. Most healthcare workers are being vaccinated through their workplaces, and others who are eligible can get vaccinated at employer-based clinics, local health departments, or through pharmacies, urgent care or healthcare systems.
The state offers an eligibility tool but it doesn’t reserve a vaccine or an appointment.
Washington, D.C., currently vaccinates healthcare workers, people age 65 and older, residents of long-term care facilities, emergency responders, police and correction officers, in-person teachers, some government personnel, licensed child-care providers, grocery workers, people working in manufacturing and food packaging, human and social services outreach workers and those experiencing homelessness. The website lists hospitals and health centers that are providing vaccines and there is also a registration portal at the bottom of the website that is active when there are available appointments. The website states when they plan to open up more appointments.
Residents can sign up for alerts.
Washington currently vaccinates Tier 1 residents including healthcare workers, first responders, residents and staff who live or work in long-term-care facilities, anyone age 65 or older, and all people 50 and older who also live in a multigenerational household. The state offers residents a “phase finder” tool to determine eligibility and be notified when residents become eligible.
The state lists providers and contact information by county.
West Virginia currently vaccinates residents who are age 65 and older, healthcare workers, those in long-term-care and assisted-living facilities, pharmacists and first responders.
The state has community vaccination clinics but recommends residents contact their local health department to find out which vaccination management system they are using for enrollment and scheduling. All 55 counties are holding clinics for adults 65 and older.
The state allows residents to preregister to receive updates and facilitate appointment scheduling when eligible; the state estimates the time frame for the general population is March-October.
Wisconsin currently vaccinates people over 65, front-line healthcare personnel, residents in skilled nursing and long-term-care facilities, police and fire personnel and correctional staff. The vaccine is being provided through healthcare providers, pharmacies, local health departments, places of employment, and mass vaccination clinics, and the state says local health departments are coordinating many of the options. There’s no information about appointments or preregistering.
Wyoming expanded its vaccination plan to include all three tiers in Phase 1. Eligible residents include healthcare workers who are exposed to Covid-19, staff and residents of long-term-care facilities, law enforcement, workers who have exposure to infections materials, individuals age 65 and older, certain front-line essential workers, caregivers of medically vulnerable persons who aren’t able to get vaccinated, people on the Wyoming Medicaid Community Choices Waiver and Developmental Disabilities waivers, the homeless, those in group settings including prisons, critical infrastructure workers and individuals living in college dorms. The state added an online preregistration form, though the process varies county by county.
Corrections & Amplifications Staff and residents of New York’s Office of Mental Health are eligible for a vaccine. An earlier version of this article incorrectly named it the Office of Minority Health. Separately, Colorado currently vaccinates health-care workers and residents aged 70 and older. The state expects to begin vaccinating essential workers in these areas later in the winter: education, food and agriculture, manufacturing, postal service, public transit, grocery, human services, state government, journalism and care for the homeless. An earlier version of this article incorrectly said the state is currently vaccinating a broad swath of essential workers. (Corrected on Jan. 27)